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Artificial intelligence's incredible potential means that world governments have crucial interests in securing an edge over geopolitical rivals in the space, and advanced AI will be very important for cybersecurity at both the corporate and governmental levels. This dynamic is driving increased collaboration between technology leaders and government agencies, and it's also causing countries to be more protective of their technology assets and data. Tensions created by the new technological arms race are evident in the trade war between the U.S. and China, with the desire to secure leadership in crucial fields like AI and 5G internet representing a fundamental backdrop for the disputes between the two countries. The significance of the global competition for supremacy in artificial intelligence will likely foster close relationships between governments and leading companies in the space. Collaborations between private businesses and state entities will have a big impact on the progression of AI-dependent fields like the Internet of Things and cybersecurity. Investing in AI: A Beginner's Guide | Kieth Noonan - The Motley Fool


Timeline

U.S. Congress

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The Power of Artificial Intelligence - US Congressional Hearing, June 26th, 2018
Subcommittee on Research and Technology and Subcommittee on Energy Hearing - Artificial Intelligence - June 26th, 2018 Dr. Tim Persons, chief scientist, GAO Mr. Greg Brockman, co-founder and chief technology officer, OpenAI Dr. Fei-Fei Li, chairperson of the board and co-founder, AI4ALL OpenAI was founded by Elon Musk and Sam Altman

US Congress Artificial Intelligence Hearing - Hearing I
Recorded: Feb 14th, 2018 “Over the next three months, the IT Subcommittee will hear from industry professionals as well as government stakeholders with the goal of working together to keep the United States the world leader in artificial intelligence technology,” said Chairman Hurd. Witnesses: Dr. Amir Khosrowshahi - Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, Artificial Intelligence Products Group, Intel Dr. Charles Isbell - Senior Associate Dean, College of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology Dr. Oren Etzioni - Chief Executive Officer Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence Dr. Ian Buck - Vice President and General Manager, Tesla Data Center Business, NVIDIA

US Congress Artificial Intelligence Hearing - Hearing II
Recorded: March 7th, 2018 Witnesses: Mr. John O. Everett, Ph.D. -Deputy Director, Information Innovation Office, DARPA Mr. Keith Nakasone - Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Information Technology Category Acquisition Management, U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) Mr. James F. Kurose, Ph.D. - Assistant Director, Computer Science and Information Science and Engineering National Science Foundation Mr. Douglas Maughan, Ph.D. - Division Director, Cybersecurity Division, Homeland Security Advanced Research Project Agency, U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

US Congress Artificial Intelligence Hearing - Hearing III
Recorded: April 18th, 2018 Witnesses: Gary Shapiro - President - Consumer Technology Association Jack Clark -Director, OpenAI Terah Lyons -Executive Director , Partnership for AI Ben Buchanan - Postdoctoral Fellow, Cyber Security Project, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

The First Congressional Hearing on Artificial Intelligence
Witnesses: - Dr. Eric Horvitz, Interim Co-Chair, Partnership on Artificial Intelligence; Managing Director, Microsoft Research Lab - Dr. Andrew Moore, Dean, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University - Mr. Greg Brockman, Cofounder and Chief Technology Officer, OpenAI - Dr. Steve Chien, Senior Research Scientist, Autonomous Space Systems and Technical Group Supervisor, Artificial Intelligence Group, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology Hearing Details: Subcommittee on Space, Science, and Competitiveness Hearing Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Interview: Congressional Artificial Intelligence Caucus
The chairmen of the House of Representatives caucus aimed at ensuring rapid innovation in artificial intelligence discuss the social impacts and opportunities the technology brings plus how legislation fits in. U.S. Rep. Pete Olson, Co-Chair, Congressional Artificial Intelligence Caucus U.S. Rep. Jerry McNerney, Co-Chair, Congressional Artificial Intelligence Caucus Moderator Michael Hoffman, President, GovernmentCIO Media & Research

Executive Branch: White House & Federal Departments/Agencies

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Dr. Eric Schmidt Keynote: National Security AI Conference and Expo
The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI) Co-Located Conference, National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) National Security AI Conference and Expo, Originally aired Thursday, March 25, 2021 http://www.nscai.gov/ and http://www.ndia.org/events/2021/3/23/1se1-national-security-ai-conference-and-exhibition

NSCAI Public Meeting - October 8, 2020
An independent commission to make recommendations to the President and Congress to "advance the development of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and associated technologies to comprehensively address the national security and defense needs of the United States". http://www.nscai.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Plenary-8-Q3-Oct-8-WEB.pdf

AI: New Horizons in Medicine
Data analytics and artificial intelligence have sharpened delivery of health care and medical discoveries. Agency experts explore the various ways natural language processing, machine learning, robotic process automation and data analytics play a role in revolutionizing the landscape of health and the public. Listen to discussion by Veterans Affairs' Gil Alterovitz; GSA's Anil Chaudhry; Acxiom's Craig Wingate; National Library of Medicine's Patti Brennan; NVIDIA's Mona Flores; NIH's Behrouz Shabestari and Alastair Thomson; DHS' Karen Evans; DARPA's Rohit Chitale; DHA's Jesus Caban; Red Hat's Ben Cushing; DHMS' Chris Nichols; HHS OIG's Caryl Brzymialkiewicz; and NetApp's Ray Deiotte.

Trump signs AI initiative to ensure American leadership
U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order Monday, launching an initiative to ensure the country's leadership in artificial intelligence (AI). This technology-promoting initiative calls for protecting the advantage of the United States in AI "against strategic competitors and foreign adversaries," but without specifying its competitors or adversaries.

President Barack Obama on How Artificial Intelligence Will Affect Jobs | WIRED
WIRED guest editor President Barack Obama, WIRED editor in chief Scott Dadich and MIT Media Lab director Joi Ito discuss how artificial intelligence might up-end economies and how societies can adapt.

White House announces artificial intelligence task force
The White House held a summit with tech leaders on A.I., saying it plans to take an "America First" approach to promoting the technology. House Democrats also released more than 3000 Facebook ads they say show Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. CNET Executive Editor Ian Sherr joins CBSN to discuss the latest.

Trump White House panicked about China's investment in AI: Alex Turkeltaub
Roam Analytics co-founder Alex Turkeltaub on efforts for U.S. to take the lead in the field of artificial intelligence.

Web Summit 2019 - CTO of The United States, Perspective from The White house by Michael Kratsios USA
I was today at the amazing WebSummit conference in Lisbon and I will share all the videos with the world so you can also have the opportunity to watch the world’s biggest leaders.

Federal Procurement

Artificial Intelligence in Federal Procurement
Learn about artificial intelligence in federal procurement, and riding the digital wave of transformation. www.gsa.gov

Artificial Intelligence - Expanding the Value Proposition for Federal Agencies
This video discusses how GSA can help the federal government modernize its IT infrastructure and application through the use of Artificial Intelligence. www.gsa.gov

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

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Teaser for AUDREY Hastings Experiment
Assistant for Understanding Data through Reasoning, Extraction, and Synthesis (AUDREY) The sheer volume of data from next-generation communication tools and sensors risks overwhelming or distracting first responders from their critical activities. As a result, first responders may make the wrong decisions, not because they lack relevant data, but because they are unable to quickly extract key insight from this flood of information. Information overload creates obstacles for first responders to perform their duties safely and efficiently. To learn more about AUDREY, visit: https://go.usa.gov/xPPBU

Local company uses technology to stop bad drones
A local company is using technology to stop drones used by cartels.

Non-US Bodies

Assessing the EU's Artificial Intelligence Strategy - European Parliament roundtable 26 April 2018
Roundtable organised by MEP Marietje Schaake on 26 April 2018 in the European Parliament featuringJuha Heikkila (Head of Unit of DG Connects Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Unit (European Commission), Andre Loesekrug-Pietri (JEDI - Joint European Disruptive Initiative), Nicklas Lundblad (Vice-President Public Policy and Governmental Relations EMEA, Google), Stephanie Fink (Senior Director, Salesforce), Prof. Luciano Floridi (University of Oxford)

What Disruptive Technologies and Artificial Intelligence Mean for NATO
This video establishes a baseline understanding of disruptive technology (DT), artificial intelligence (AI) and autonomy aimed at NATO policymakers and senior military officials. It explains disruptive technology and its historical importance for military innovation and changes in warfare, in addition to the current state of artificial intelligence and autonomous systems technology. The video features experts Dr. Andrew Moore, Dean of the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University and Co-Chair of the CNAS Task Force on AI and National Security, and Paul Scharre, Senior Fellow and Director of the Technology and National Security Program at CNAS and Executive Director of the CNAS Task Force on AI and National Security.

Leading scientists address dangers of Artificial Intelligence before United Nations
Recently esteemed M I T physicist, Max Tegmark, and science philosophy professor, from Oxford university, Nick Bostrom, joined forces to address the United Nations. They were there with the sole purpose of addressing their concerns over the dangers of Artificial Intelligence.

NATO to Use Artificial Intelligence in Military Operations
Warfare developments will increasingly involve artificial intelligence systems. #NATO is actively working to make sure #AI advances are appropriately used for future military decision-making.

AI For Good - UN Congress on Artificial Intelligence
Audi CEO Prof. Rupert Stadler has spoken at a congress of the United Nations about the use of artificial intelligence for the benefit of humankind. In his keynote speech at the start of the “AI for Good Global Summit,” he stated that automated driving presents an opportunity to improve life significantly. He warned, however, against excessive expectations: “In situations where an accident is unavoidable, we expect a decision from the autonomous car. But a dilemma situation cannot be solved either by a human or by a machine.” Therefore, alongside legal issues, ethical questions about the use of the new technology also needed to be discussed, he added. With the beyond initiative, Stadler is now calling for such a discourse. At the first “AI for Good Global Summit” in Geneva, the Chairman of the Board of Management of AUDI AG said in front of UN experts: “We need a discourse in society that looks at the enormous potential of piloted and autonomous driving in relation to the ethical and legal questions.” Artificial intelligence (AI) is regarded by experts from science and industry as a key technology for piloted and autonomous driving. It assists the car in perceiving and interpreting its environment, and deriving decisions from this. But who is liable in the case of accidents, and how should the car driving autonomously behave in a situation of unavoidable danger? Prof. Stadler: “We take the concerns of the public seriously and are facing up to the challenges associated with this.”

Artificial Intelligence: The Future of Homeland Security
i24NEWS DESK | Israel is hosting an event surrounding the use of artificial intelligence for homeland security. Our Daniel Tsemach has more. Story: Israel is hosting it's first ever international event for artificial intelligence and security led by the Israel Export Institute and the Foreign Trade Administration. There were 65 representatives from around the world in attendance for the week long event, in order to find out how Artificial Intelligence can assist with homeland security. Companies were featuring A.I. technology from virtual reality to facial recognition software.

China

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Today, technological innovation has returned to the core of national pride and ambition. ..."Technology is at the heart of the contest between the United States and China for global supremacy." The Great Decoupling: China, America and the Struggle for Technological Supremacy | Nigel Inkster - Amazon


US or China Winning in AI? China the World Leader by 2030?
Matthew Voke Is China Winning in AI, or the US? Will China be the World Leader by 2030? Who's ahead in Artificial Intelligence? Is the US or China winning the AI race? In 2020, who's leading in AI Competition between China and the United States? I hear these questions frequently. China has stated that they will be the world leader by 2030, but where are they right now, and how likely are they to achieve dominance in the next decade? This video examines where the United States and China have strengths in 2020, and where they are weak. What are their approaches to innovation in Artificial Intelligence, and how will they improve over the next decade. ##Kai-Fu Lee's "AI Superpowers" Book is great: http://amzn.to/35gXZGN ##Graham Allison's "Destined for War" Book explains the thucydides' Trap: http://amzn.to/2Wme0aL Finally let's talk about the Thucydides' Trap. This is an area of concern when people begin talking about an "Artificial Intelligence Arms Race." This is NOT an Arms Race, nor should it be treated as such. I'll discuss why. I wrote this myself, used some videos under fair use - the owner is in the bottom of the video. I do not push, support, or endorse any policy, strategy, or grand strategy in this video. These are my views alone, and may not reflect those of the United States Department of Defense, or the United States Government.

Chinese Defense Innovation: AI, Cyber, and Quantum Computing
Elsa Kania, Adjunct Fellow - Center for a New American Security’s Technology and National Security Program Emerging Technologies in Great Power Competition CYBERWEEK 2018 Tel Aviv University 19.6.18

What data does China have on its citizens?
The "oracle of AI" Kai Fu Lee says the data the Chinese government has collected on its citizens is "too large and too raw" to be used for AI.

Who is winning the artificial intelligence race?
In a recent talk at Stanford, Kai-Fu Lee says China has taken the lead. Lee is a venture capitalist and author of “AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley and the New World Order.” Who’s winning the worldwide competition to develop and exploit artificial intelligence? Not the U.S., says Kai-Fu Lee, a venture capitalist and author of AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley and the New World Order. Although researchers and tech companies in the U.S. hold the lion’s share of AI patents and are responsible for key breakthroughs in the field, the game has changed, and China is taking the lead. “We are now in the implementation phase. It’s a question of who can build the fastest,” Lee said during a recent talk at the AI Salon series presented by the Stanford Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence (HAI) Initiative and the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Lab (SAIL). Building the fastest doesn’t necessarily require the top tier of researchers. “For most applications, you don’t really need super AI experts. Young AI engineers will suffice,” he said. And China has them. Indeed, the last really significant breakthrough in AI – deep learning – was nine years ago, Lee said. “Without big breakthroughs, it is hard for the U.S to maintain its lead because AI technologies are reasonably well understood,” he said. Machine learning and artificial intelligence rely on data – lots of data – to function. And that’s where China has its biggest advantage. Not only does China have a huge population, its residents lead by far the United States in the use of mobile applications and payments. Every click, every sale, generates data. “If data is the new oil, China is the new OPEC,” Lee said. What’s more, the business environment in China is friendlier to AI companies, with more government support and less regulation than in the U.S. China’s advances in AI haven’t gone unnoticed by investors. Last year, 48 percent of the venture capital money directed to AI went to China, compared with 38 percent invested in U.S. ventures, Lee said. There are, of course, challenges posed by AI, not the least of which is the threat of job losses, a point made by Lee and two other speakers at the Salon: Susan Athey, a professor of economics at Stanford Graduate School of Business, and Erik Brynjolfsson, director of the MIT Initiative on the Digital Economy. Even so, the stakes in the AI race are extremely high. Over the next 11 years, AI and related technologies will account for some $11 trillion in economic activity, a sum larger than the combined economies of China and India, Lee said.

Shaping the Future of Artificial Intelligence in China
Between 2010 and 2015, artificial intelligence-related patent applications in China grew to over 8,000 submissions, up 190% from the previous five years. What is the role and responsibility of Chinese businesses to accelerate the technology’s potential while mitigating potential negative impacts for the world? Dimensions to be addressed: - New collaboration and partnership models for AI research and development - Public awareness of AI and tackling issues of public trust - (Un)blocking data flows throughout industry supply chains Speakers: - Dai Wenyuan, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, 4th Paradigm Data & Technology Co., People's Republic of China. - Huang Dinglong, Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Malong Technologies, People's Republic of China. - Wendell Wallach, Scholar, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics, Yale University, USA. - Wang Xiaoming, Director, Center for Innovation Strategy and Policy Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, People's Republic of China. - Yuan Hui, Chairman, Shanghai Xiaoi Robot Technology, People's Republic of China.

AI in China
The Chinese state run news agency Xinhua recently revealed the first Artificial Intelligence news anchor. They're now able to generate video of a newscaster using a model trained on real newscaster data and use it to disseminate information 24/7. When I saw this, I knew it was time to start studying China's role in the AI revolution in-depth. In this video, I'll cover China's power structure, generative adversarial networks, its startup scene, Confucianism, the social credit scoring system, algorithmic policing, surveillance, privacy, autonomous weapons, and convolutional neural networks. A lot of different topics to cover, but I hope this video provides a coherent narrative around the use of AI in China and how it plays into the global AI community. Enjoy!

Russia

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Putin: Whoever Masters Artificial Intelligence (AI) Will Rule The World!
Russian President Vladimir Putin recently explained what he believes is necessary to rule the world. “If someone could guarantee themselves a monopoly in the area of artificial intelligence, the consequences are clear to us all – they would become the world ruler,” the TASS news agency cited Putin as saying. The Russian president remarked that the fight for technological superiority, including in the field of AI, has already become a field for global competition. “The speed at which new products and solutions are created is growing exponentially,” he observed. Putin noted that many countries have already chosen their strategies concerning AI. “We too, of course, must ensure our technological sovereignty in the AI field,” he said, adding that it is the most important condition for the success of Russia’s business, economy, security, defensive capability and quality of human life.

Bendett, Kania & Watley on Chinese, Russian Artificial Intelligence, Autonomy
Sam Bendett of the Center for Naval Analysis, Elsa Kania of the Center for a New American Security, and Jack Watley, PhD, of the Royal United Services Institute, discuss Russian and Chinese artificial intelligence and autonomy capabilities with Defense & Aerospace Report Editor Vago Muradian. The interview was conducted after a panel discussion hosted by CNA at its Northern Virginia headquarters.

Canada

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Artificial Intelligence | Machine Learning | Documentary | Canadian Economy | Robots | Robotics | AI
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and robotics in Canada, Deep Learning, Machine Learning --- Bloomberg Businessweek presents an exclusive premiere of the latest episode of Hello World, the tech-travel show hosted by journalist and best-selling author Ashlee Vance and watched by millions of people around the globe. Hello World - Canada: The Rise of Al Stars: Brandon Lisy, Ashlee Vance Hello World invites the viewer to come on a journey. It's a journey that stretches across the globe to find the inventors, scientists and technologists shaping our future. Each episode explores a different country and uncovers the ways in which the local culture and surroundings have influenced their approach to technology. Join journalist and best-selling author Ashlee Vance on a quest to find the freshest, weirdest tech creations and the beautiful freaks behind them.

Artificial Intelligence Montreal Powerhouse
#AITechMTL , Discover Montréal's #AI #ML #datascience scene! A seductive overview of the thriving Montréal's AI ecosystem - starring world famous AI researchers and the most innovating companies in deep learning, data science and machine learning such as : - Google Brain - Facebook - DeepMind - Maluuba - Element AI - Samsung - Thales - Imagia Key speakers: - (0:08) Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada - (0:26) Yoshua Bengio - Full Professor, Université de Montréal & Head of the Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms (MILA) - (0:43) Doina Precup - Associate Professor- McGill School of Computer Science - DeepMind - (01:04) Yann LeCun - Director of AI Research - Facebook - (01:13) Hugo Larochelle - Lead of Google Brain team, Montréal - (1:40) Mohamed Musbah - Head of Product - Microsoft Research Maluuba, Montréal - (1:52) Valérie Bécaert- Director Reasearch group - Element AI - (2:06) Alexandre Le Bouthiller- Founder & COO - Imagia Video produced by TCB MÉDIAS

Public Advocates

Smart Cities: Solving Urban Problems Using Technology
See how smart cities are rising to meet the challenges of rapid urban development.

AI Now 2017 - Public Symposium
AI Now Institute

Deep Learning (DL) solutions for Smart Cities use cases
Deep Learning techniques are being used to address challenges in Smart Cities. Though many use cases have been solved independently, stitching these solutions together using a flexible, scalable and efficient architecture is difficult. We developed a platform for Smart Cities. Here are some technical papers and solutions that inspired us in the process.

How AI can transform Public Services
Our CEO, Keesup Choe was invited to the Essex quarterly Partnership Board Meeting to help inspire the board with innovative ways in which they could help drive forward public sector reforms across Greater Essex. Here he describes ‘How AI can transform Public Services’