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Data will be the fuel and the engine for everything the Defense Department has to do to bring intelligence and operations together, DOD's chief information officer told CIOs and technology leaders from across the department in a virtual global town hall meeting.

Dana Deasy said during the Aug. 12 event that quality data that is secure will also help to enable the development of artificial intelligence. With AI, humans and machines are going to collaborate effectively and efficiently in an ethical manner, Deasy said, lauding the progress being made by the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center's work over the last 18 months. DOD Leaders Provide Digital Modernization Updates | David Vergun - DOD News


AI Opportunities


To enable this change, the Department is adopting new technologies as part of its Digital Modernization program - from automation to Artificial Intelligence (Al) to 5G-enabled edge devices. ...Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a long-term data competency grounded in high-quality training quality datasets (TQD) that are the pieces of information and associated labels used to build algorithmic models. TQD and the algorithmic models will increasingly become DoD’s most valuable digital assets. As DoD modernizes and integrates AI technologies into joint warfighting, generating DoD-wide visibility of and access to these digital assets will be vital in an era of algorithmic warfare. We must also understand that our competitors gain advantage if these assets become compromised. ... modern governance framework for managing the lifecycle of the algorithm models and associated data that provides protected visibility and responsible brokerage of these digital assets. DoD Data Strategy

AI in Multi-domain Operations: Future Artificial Intelligence War
What does AI look like in Multi-domain Operations (MDO) or Cross-domain Operations? What does Future Artificial Intelligence look like in War? Where should we research and strive, and what should we avoid in Artificial Intelligence? ...Matthew Voke

Strengthening JADC2 Efforts with Better Data Accessibility and Agility
Leveraging a data fabric, A.I., and Machine Learning are all crucial components to the success of JADC2 for the Department of Defense.


Artificial Intelligence in Military: How will AI, Deep Learning, and Robotics Change Military
Progress in artificial intelligence (AI), deep learning, and robotics allow new capabilities that will affect military strategies assertively.

Warriors Corner: Artificial Intelligence
Brig. Gen. Matthew Easley, Director, Army AI Task Force

Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Technology: Implications for U.S. National Security
Hudson Institute hosted a discussion on the increasing risk that rapidly emerging advanced technologies pose to U.S. national security. Competitor nations such as Russia and China have devoted significant resources to the areas of artificial intelligence (AI) and quantum information science, particularly quantum computing. A recent report from the bipartisan Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United States warned: “U.S. superiority in key areas of innovation is decreasing or has disappeared [while] U.S. competitors are investing heavily in innovation.” Given the technologies’ enormous promise for benefiting human kind, how should Washington respond to ensure U.S. military superiority while promoting the peaceful use of AI and quantum technology?

AI for defence
interview with Eric Segura at the Defence experience

What Disruptive Technologies and Artificial Intelligence Mean for NATO
This video establishes a baseline understanding of disruptive technology (DT), artificial intelligence (AI) and autonomy aimed at NATO policymakers and senior military officials. It explains disruptive technology and its historical importance for military innovation and changes in warfare, in addition to the current state of artificial intelligence and autonomous systems technology. The video features experts Dr. Andrew Moore, Dean of the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University and Co-Chair of the CNAS Task Force on AI and National Security, and Paul Scharre, Senior Fellow and Director of the Technology and National Security Program at CNAS and Executive Director of the CNAS Task Force on AI and National Security.

Rise of the Terminators - Military Artificial Intelligence (AI) | Weapons that think for Themselves
Weapons and warfare have become increasingly sophisticated; the latest battlefield technology is starting to look more like a computer game with wirelessly connected soldiers communicating via sound and vision to drones carrying satellite-linked wi-fi hotspots & given orders by commanders that could be on the of the side of the world.

The Future of War: AI + Autonomous Warfare with “Army of None” Author Paul Scharre | MIND & MACHINE
Today we explore the Future of War with AI and Autonomous Weapons. August Bradley's guest is Paul Scharre, author of the book "Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War" — which Bill Gates recently featured in his top five book recommendations of the year. Paul is a Senior Fellow and Director of the Technology and National Security Program at the Center for a New American Security — a think tank based in Washington D.C. Previously, Paul worked for the U.S. Secretary of Defense where he played a leading role in establishing policies on unmanned autonomous systems and emerging weapons technologies. He led the Department of Defense working-group that drafted policies on autonomy in weapon systems. He also led DoD efforts to establish policies on intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance programs. We discuss the current state of military autonomous weapons, the degree to which highly autonomous warfare will be conducted in the future, and the ethical challenges facing this technology. We also get into the resistance from employees within Google and other A.I companies toward supporting military uses.

AI Weapons, War and Ethics
This lecture explores the AI behind fully autonomous weapons and the arguments for and against their use in the world. A lecture by Yorick Wilks, Visiting Professor of Artificial Intelligence 05 November 2019 This lecture will explore fully autonomous weapons, the products of AI technology, and the arguments for and against their use. It will then look at the more complex issues of the ethical role of the state in the protection of its population, and the ethical choices of individuals versus those of corporations, whose role in large-scale military-industrial complexes is crucial. The lecture will also mention the emergence of a form of psychopathology in some weapons producers

A.I. Is Making it Easier to Kill (You). Here’s How. | NYT
A tank that drives itself. A drone that picks its own targets. A machine gun with facial recognition software. Sounds like science fiction? A.I. fueled weapons are already here.

Jay Tuck: AI - Humanity's Most Serious Challenge
US defense expert Jay Tuck was news director of the daily news program ARD-Tagesthemen and combat correspondent for GermanTelevision in two Gulf Wars. He has produced over 500 segments for the network. His investigative reports on security policy, espionage activities and weapons technology appear in leading newspapers, television networks and magazines throughout Europe, including Cicero, Focus, PC-Welt, Playboy, Stern, Welt am Sonntag and ZEITmagazin. He is author of a widely acclaimed book on electronic intelligence activities, “High-Tech Espionage” (St. Martin’s Press), published in fourteen countries.

Artificial Intelligence - A Threat to Strategic Stability?
In this seminar, Postdoctoral Research Fellow James Johnson explores: What is military artificial intelligence (AI) and how is it different from civilian AI? How does popular culture depict AI and what does it get wrong? The AI-cyber nexus AI “hunts for nukes” Drone swarming The promises and dangers of AI, he notes, do not exist in a vacuum. Not dissimilar from other weapons systems, AI needs only to be perceived as capable to have a destabilizing impact. He also emphasized that strategic advantages of AI-infused weapons may prove irresistible to states seeking to gain the technological upper hand over its rivals. He explores the multifaceted possible intersections of AI with nuclear weapons and suggests that AI-enhanced conventional weapons might pose one of the greatest risks to a nuclear escalation in future warfare scenarios, challenging long-held assumptions about deterrence, arms control, and crisis stability. Speaker: Dr. James Johnson, Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, Monterey. James holds a Ph.D. in Politics & International Relations from the University of Leicester, where he is also an honorary visiting fellow with the School of History & International Relations. Dr. Johnson has published peer-review articles with journals including the Pacific Review, Asian Security, Strategic Studies Quarterly, The Washington Quarterly, Defense & Security Analysis, The Journal of Cyber Policy, and Comparative Strategy. He is the author of The US-China Military & Defense Relationship during the Obama Presidency. His latest book, titled "Artificial Intelligence & the Future of Warfare: USA, China, and Strategic Stability", is under advanced contract with OUP/Manchester University Press. James is fluent in Mandarin.

Op-ed Hyperwar is coming. America needs to bring AI into the fight to win
The United States recently sent two aircraft carrier strike groups into the South China Sea in a show of military strength. The move of multiple American warships is in reaction to China holding military exercises in international waters that are contested by Vietnam and the Philippines. The stand-off raises global tensions at a time when each superpower has developed advanced technological capabilities in terms of artificial intelligence, remote imaging, and autonomous weapons systems. It is important officials in each nation understand how emerging technologies speed up decision-making but through crisis acceleration run the risk of dangerous miscalculation. ... With the advent of AI and other emerging technologies, though, these time-honored definitions are likely to change. At a fundamental level, battle, war, and conflict are time-competitive processes. From time immemorial, humans have sought to be faster in the ultimate competition of combat, in an absolute as well as in a relative sense. And in that regard, AI will dramatically change the speed of war. It will not only enhance the human role in conflict, but will also leverage technology as never before. For not only is technology changing, the rate of that alteration is accelerating. This is the central issue before us for armed conflict, and the side that can create, master, and leverage an equilibrium between the nature of war and the character of war, especially within the new environment of AI, data analytics, and supercomputing, will inevitably prevail in conflict. In a geopolitical environment increasingly defined by new and emerging technologies, national defense stands as one of the most consequential areas of development for the 21st century. It is important to assess the revolutionary impacts of artificial intelligence and other emerging technologies on nearly every facet of national security and armed conflict, including the accelerated pace of warfare and the critical role of continued human control. Ultimately, there are significant opportunities to deploy AI-based tools, as well as major rising threats that need to be considered and addressed. A variety of technologies can improve decision-making, speed, and scalability — some to a dizzying degree.

All data is taken from the source: http://cnbc.com

US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)

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DARPA continues to lead innovation in AI research as it funds a broad portfolio of R&D programs, ranging from basic research to advanced technology development. DARPA believes this future, where systems are capable of acquiring new knowledge through generative contextual and explanatory models, will be realized upon the development and application of “Third Wave” AI technologies. DARPA announced in September 2018 a multi-year investment of more than $2 billion in new and existing programs called the “AI Next” campaign. Key areas of the campaign include automating critical DoD business processes, such as security clearance vetting or accrediting software systems for operational deployment; improving the robustness and reliability of AI systems; enhancing the security and resiliency of machine learning and AI technologies; reducing power, data, and performance inefficiencies; and pioneering the next generation of AI algorithms and applications, such as “explainability” and common sense reasoning. AI Next Campaign | DARPA

DARPA OFFSET Program Calls for Second Swarm Sprints
The focus of this swarm sprint is on enabling improved swarm autonomy through enhancements of swarm platforms and/or autonomy elements, with the operational backdrop of utilizing a diverse swarm of 50 air and ground robots to isolate an urban objective within an area of two square city blocks over a mission duration of 15 to 30 minutes. Swarm Sprinters will leverage existing or develop new hardware components, swarm algorithms, and/or swarm primitives to enable novel capabilities that specifically showcase the advantages of a swarm when leveraging and operating in complex urban environments.

A DARPA Perspective on Artificial Intelligence
What's the ground truth on artificial intelligence (AI)? In this video, John Launchbury, the Director of DARPA's Information Innovation Office (I2O), attempts to demystify AI--what it can do, what it can't do, and where it is headed. Through a discussion of the "three waves of AI" and the capabilities required for AI to reach its full potential, John provides analytical context to help understand the roles AI already has played, does play now, and could play in the future.

AI and Security
In the future, every company will be using AI, which means that every company will need a secure infrastructure that addresses AI security concerns. At the same time, the domain of computer security has been revolutionized by AI techniques, including machine learning, planning, and automatic reasoning. What are the opportunities for researchers in both fields—security infrastructure and AI—to learn from each other and continue this fruitful collaboration? This session will cover two main topics. In the first half, we will discuss how AI techniques have changed security, using a case study of the DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge, where teams built systems that can reason about security in real time. In the second half, we will talk about security issues inherent in AI. How can we ensure the integrity of decisions from the AI that drives a business? How can we defend against adversarial control of training data? Together, we will identify common problems for future research.

ERI Summit 2020: Artificial Intelligence, Autonomy, and Processing
Mr. Gilman Louie, Commissioner, National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI) AI To Revolutionize Radios and Communications (Related Programs: FRANC, PEACH, HyDDENN) Dr. Y.K. Chen, DARPA Dr. Jan M. Rabaey, University of California Berkeley Dr. Silvija Filipovic, Perspecta Labs Dr. Sudhakar Pamarti, University of California Los Angeles Lifelong Learning Systems (Related Program: L2M) Mr. Ted Senator, DARPA Dr. Eric Eaton, University of Pennsylvania Ferroelectronics Lightning Talk Dr. Ali Keshavarzi, DARPA Quantum Inspired Algorithms Lightning Talk Dr. Bryan Jacobs, DARPA Visit https://eri-summit.darpa.mil/ for more details on the ERI Summit.


Dogfight

DARPA's Initiative Shows that U.S is Ahead of China & Russia in Military Artificial Intelligence
An AI algorithm piloting an F-16 Fighting Falcon in a simulated dogfight against a seasoned US Air Force pilot achieved a perfect score with five straight wins in a competition. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) held the final round of its third and final AlphaDogfight competition on Thursday, putting an AI system designed by Heron Systems against a human pilot in a "simulated within-visual-range air combat" situation. According to Breaking Defense, Heron's AI went head-to-head with a graduate of the Air Force's Weapons Instructor Course with the callsign "Banger". An expert commentator, DARPA's Justin Mock, said that the AI algorithm demonstrated "superhuman aiming ability" during the dogfight and the human pilot couldn't score a single hit. In this video Defense Updates analyzes how AI beating fighter pilot in virtual dog fight shows that the U.S military is stealing a march in this important area?

AI defeats Veteran F-16 pilot 5 times in DARPA’s dogfight
A human pilot with more than 2,000 hours in an F-16 fighter lost five straight dogfights against an artificial intelligence algorithm, in a competition organized by the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Project Maven

The Pentagon is using Google's AI for drones
The Department of Defense and Google have worked on a few projects in the past, but their newest initiative may improve the efficiency of our drones. Learn more about this story at www.newsy.com/77397/

Algorithmic Warfare: The Next Military-Technical Revolution?
Robert Work, 32nd United States Deputy Secretary of Defense, discusses Algorithmic Warfare, Project Maven, and why data is the fuel that will lead to a revolutionary period in warfare

Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC)

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The Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC) is the Department of Defense’s (DoD) Artificial Intelligence (AI) Center of Excellence that provides a critical mass of expertise to help the Department harness the game-changing power of AI. To help operationally prepare the Department for AI, the JAIC integrates technology development, with the requisite policies, knowledge, processes and relationships to ensure long term success and scalability. The mission of the JAIC is to transform the DoD by accelerating the delivery and adoption of AI to achieve mission impact at scale. The goal is to use AI to solve large and complex problem sets that span multiple services; then, ensure the Services and Components have real-time access to ever-improving libraries of data sets and tools. The JAIC’s holistic approach includes:

  • Accelerating the delivery and adoption of AI
  • Scaling the impact of AI across the Department
  • Defend U.S. critical infrastructure from malicious cyber activity that alone, or as part of a campaign, could cause a significant cyber incident
  • Establishing a common foundation that enables decentralized execution and experimentation
  • Evolving partnerships with industry, academia, allies and partners
  • Cultivating a leading AI workforce
  • Leading in military AI ethics and safety.

The JAIC delivers AI capabilities to the Department through two distinct categories: National Mission Initiatives (NMIs) and Component Mission Initiatives (CMIs). NMIs are broad, joint, hard, cross-cutting AI/ML challenges that the JAIC will run using a cross-functional team approach. The CMIs component- specific and solve a particular problem. CMIs will be run by the components, with support from JAIC in a number of ways that include funding, data management, common foundation, integration into programs of record, and sustainment. The performance goal focuses on accelerating the delivery of AI-enabled capabilities, scaling the impact of AI throughout the DoD, and synchronizing DoD AI activities to expand Joint Force advantage. The National Defense Strategy (NDS) foresees that ongoing advances in artificial intelligence (AI) "will change society and, ultimately, the character of war." To preserve and expand our military advantage and enable business reform, we must pursue AI applications with boldness and alacrity while ensuring strong commitment to military ethics and AI safety. A new approach is required to increase the speed and agility with which we deliver AI-enabled capabilities and adapt our way of fighting. Achieving this goal requires close coordination and synchronization among DoD components.

Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC) Brief
Jill Crisman, Chief Scientist and Acting Chief Technical Officer, Joint Artificial Intelligence Center

Acting Director of Artificial Intelligence Discusses DOD's AI Initiatives, UNITED STATES, 07.08.2020
Defense Flash News: Nand Mulchandani, acting director of the Defense Department’s Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, takes questions from reporters at the Pentagon about DOD's artificial intelligence initiatives, July 8, 2020. Film Credits: Defense.gov

ICIT 2019 Briefing: The JAIC - Using AI to Transform & Secure the DoD w/ Col. Trent, DoD
ICIT Fall 2019 Briefing in Washington D.C. Featuring Colonel Stoney Trent, Chief of Missions, Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, DoD

2019 ICIT Briefing: Insights w/ DoD JAIC Chief of Missions, Colonel Stoney Trent
ICIT 2019 Fall Briefing in Washington D.C. : DoD, Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, Chief of Missions Colonel Stoney Trent answers "What is the most important lesson that attendees should take away from your remarks at today's ICIT briefing?"

Harnessing Artificial Intelligence - AI in the DOD (Lecture #18)
Harnessing Artificial Intelligence - AI in the DOD (Lecture #18, Dec. 2, 2019); By Dr. Bret Michael, Professor, NPS Department of Computer Science / Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Online Event: A Conversation with JAIC Director Lt. Gen. John N.T. “Jack” Shanahan
Please join the International Security Program on Friday, May 29th at 9:30 am ET for a conversation with Lieutenant General Jack Shanahan, the Director of the Department of Defense Joint Artificial Intelligence Center. Established in 2018, the JAIC is the organization leading the Defense Department’s efforts to operationalize AI for national security. Beyond technology development, the JAIC serves as the focal point for AI governance in defense and the institution of ethical principles for AI use. This conversation will explore how AI is being integrated into the defense enterprise and how the Department is adapting talent acquisition and management to the needs of a 21st century digital organization. AI and subsets like machine learning also have the potential to reshape and even transform intelligence missions. The conversation will also explore how these technologies can better empower U.S. intelligence and how the Department of Defense and broader Intelligence Community can best leverage these technologies for future defense and intelligence missions.

US Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)

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THE DISA VISION: To be the trusted provider to connect and protect the warfighter in cyberspace.



Implement AI and machine learning (ML) to support the cyber defenders in identifying malicious actors through the automated analysis of cyber sensors, threat indicators, and system outputs. As the AI/ML program matures, we are closer to systems fighting systems, reducing workhours invested. This consistent environment facilitates global shared workflow and integrated operations between global, regional, and mission partner commands. DISA Strategic Plan 2019-2022

Dana Deasy – DISA Forecast to Industry 2018
Dana Deasy, chief information officer for the Department of Defense, speaks about the national defense strategy and his four key focus areas at the DISA Forecast to Industry on Nov. 5, 2018.

Navy Vice Adm. Nancy Norton - DISA Forecast to Industry 2018
Navy Vice Adm. Nancy Norton, DISA director and Joint Force Headquarters - DOD Information Network (JFHQ-DODIN) commander, speaks about trusted partnerships at the DISA Forecast to Industry on Nov. 5, 2018.

Anthony Montemarano – DISA Forecast to Industry 2018
Anthony Montemarano, DISA senior procurement executive and executive deputy director, provides an overview of the agency’s structure and its key leaders at the DISA Forecast to Industry on Nov. 5, 2018.

Dr. Brian Hermann – DISA Forecast to Industry 2018
Dr. Brian Hermann, acting services development executive, speaks about agency contracting and acquisition opportunities for fiscal year 2019 and 2020 at the DISA Forecast to Industry on Nov. 5, 2018.

DISA 2019 Look Book
USDISA

DISA Communicator Video
Video premiered at DISA’s Forecast to Industry 2019 by Army Maj. Gen. Garrett Yee, assistant to the director.